History Now 30 (Winter 2011)

American Reform Movements

From the Editor

The desire to reform and even to perfect society is as American as apple pie. From the Puritans’ determination to create “a city upon a hill,” to the utopian communities of the early nineteenth century, to the communes created by twentieth-century “hippies,” the goal has been to establish a new social order that will improve upon the status quo. Sometimes this reform impulse is an isolated one; sometimes it defines an entire era. Historians point to two such eras with roots in the nineteenth century: the age of reform in the 1830s and 1840s...More »