Winston Churchill (1874–1965) was the British prime minister who led England during World War II. After serving in Parliament for nearly forty years, Churchill became prime minister in May 1940 upon Germany’s invasion of the Low Countries. In his first speech to Parliament as prime minister, Churchill pledged “to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.” He became known for his unflinching resolve against the Nazi threat and as an inspirational and eloquent orator. He led Great Britain until 1945 and was elected prime minister again to serve from 1951 to 1955.

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