The League of Nations was an international organization conceived by President Woodrow Wilson and established by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Wilson had introduced the idea of a “general association of nations” for collective security, arbitration, and diplomacy in his Fourteen Points and lobbied for its creation at the Paris Peace Conference. Though the conference adopted the Covenant of the League of Nations as part of the Treaty of Versailles, the United States never became a member because Wilson was unable to convince Congress to ratify the treaty. In 1946, the League was replaced by the United Nations, of which the United States is a member.

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