John Andre (1750–1780) purchased a commission in a British military unit in 1771 and went on to serve in Canada. He was captured during the siege of St. John’s (1775). Rough treatment as a prisoner of war in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, increased his resentment toward the rebels. He was sent to British-held New York in a 1776 prisoner exchange. Andre was promoted to captain and joined the staff of General Charles Grey. In 1778 he became an aide and confidant to General Sir Henry Clinton, the commander of British land forces in America. He advanced to the position of adjutant general and served as Clinton’s spymaster. It was Andre who negotiated the hand-over of West Point, New York, with the traitorous Benedict Arnold. Captured by the Americans, he was hanged as a spy.

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