Lord North (Frederick North, the 2nd Earl of Guilford) (1732–1792) was the British prime minister from 1770 to 1782. As prime minister, North bore much of the responsibility for Great Britain’s actions leading up to and during the American Revolution. North and his ministry failed to anticipate colonists’ anger over British acts such as the Tea Act of 1773. When colonists staged the Boston Tea Party in 1773, North’s government passed the antagonistic Coercive Acts of 1774. The North government’s response to colonial frustration only increased the tension and pushed the colonies further toward revolutionary action. North remained in office until his resignation in 1782.

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