Global History and US Foreign Policy

The essays in this section have been written by leading scholars of American history. They provide additional depth on events and ideas referred to in the introductory essay and, in some cases, different interpretations by historians looking at the same events. These essays are particularly useful in introducing your students to one of the most exciting aspects of studying history—understanding the past from a variety of perspectives.

Empire Building

Author: Robert W. Cherny Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Geography Grade Levels:

Imperial Rivalries

Author: Peter C. Mancall Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The Age of Reagan

Author: Gil Troy Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:

World War I

Author: Jennifer D. Keene Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

9/11 and Springsteen

Author: Craig Werner Curriculum Subjects: Art, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Jim Thorpe in New York, ca. 1913 (Library of Congress P&P)

Amateurism and Jim Thorpe at the Fifth Olympiad

Author: Kate Buford Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

American Indians

Author: Elliott West Curriculum Subjects: Economics, World History Grade Levels: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
is Communism Un-American, by Eugene Dennis (1947). (National Archives)

Anti-Communism in the 1950s

Author: Wendy Wall Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
Reader in a cigar factory, Tampa, Fla., by Lewis Wickes Hines (LOC)

Bridging the Caribbean: Puerto Rican Roots in Nineteenth-Century America

Author: Virginia Sanchez Korrol Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Family fallout shelter, ca. 1957. (National Archives)

Cold War, Warm Hearth

Author: Elaine Tyler May Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:

Conflict and Commerce: The Rise and Fall of New Netherland

Author: Simon Middleton Curriculum Subjects: Economics, World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

England on the Eve of Colonization

Author: Paul E. J. Hammer Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Every Citizen a Soldier: World War II Posters on the American Home Front

Author: William L. Bird Jr. and Harry Rubenstein Curriculum Subjects: Art, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Adolf Hitler, n.d. (LOC) and Franklin Delano Roosevelt (GLC)

FDR and Hitler: A Study in Contrasts

Author: David M. Kennedy Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Franklin D. Roosevelt, c. December 27, 1933. (Library of Congress Prints and Pho

FDR’s First Inaugural Address

Author: Davis W. Houck Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Government and Civics Grade Levels:
Notice of relocation for Persons of Japanese Ancestry, 1942. (Gilder Lehrman C

From Citizen to Enemy: The Tragedy of Japanese Internment

Author: Julie Des Jardins Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
"Colored Man Is No Slacker," WWI poster, 1918 (GLC06134)

From These Honored Dead: Memorial Day and Veterans Day in American History

Author: Kenneth T. Jackson Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics Grade Levels: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Live Aid logo

Globalizing Protest in the 1980s: Musicians Collaborate to Change the World

Author: Douglas R. Egerton and Leigh Fought Curriculum Subjects: Art, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 13+

Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy

Author: Jeremi Suri Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Family in Chinatown, San Francisco, CA. (LC-G4085- 0192 <P&P>)

History Times: A Nation of Immigrants

Author: Gilder Lehrman Institute Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Grade Levels: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
 “Taboas geraes de toda a navegação” by João Teixeira Albernaz, 1630. (LOC Maps)

Iberian Roots of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, 1440–1640

Author: David Wheat Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Inventing American Diplomacy

Author: R. B. Bernstein Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
The Shah of Iran welcomed by the Carters, 1977. (Jimmy Carter Library)

Iran and the United States in the Cold War

Author: Malcolm Byrne Curriculum Subjects: Religion and Philosophy, World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Navigating the Age of Exploration

Author: Ted Widmer Curriculum Subjects: Geography, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
The front of the Alamo, 1922. (LC-USZ62-87798)

Remembering the Alamo

Author: Char Miller Curriculum Subjects: Geography, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Ronald Reagan at the Berlin Wall, 1987. (Ronald Reagan Library)

Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold War: The Debate Continues

Author: Michael Cox Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels:

September 11, 2001

Author: the National September 11 Memorial & Museum Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
George Sale, The Koran . . . 2 vols. London, 1764 (LOC, Rare Bks., S.1457)

Teaching American History to Muslim Exchange Students

Author: Ted Widmer Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics Grade Levels: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Live Fire Exercise. Courtesy of the US Army Center of Military History

Technology in the Persian Gulf War of 1991

Author: Robert Citino Curriculum Subjects: Science, Technology, Engineering and Math, World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
"The Bloody Massacre": Paul Revere's engraving of the Boston Massacre on March 5

The American Revolution, 1763–1783

Author: Pauline Maier Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels:

The Americas to 1620

Author: Christopher L. Miller Curriculum Subjects: Geography, World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The Colonial Virginia Frontier and International Native American Diplomacy

Author: William White Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics Grade Levels: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

The Columbian Exchange

Author: Alfred Crosby Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Geography, Science, Technology, Engineering and Math, World History Grade Levels: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The Consequences of Defeat in Vietnam

Author: Mark Atwood Lawrence Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels:
Recueil des loix constitutives des colonies, 1778 (GLC01720)

The Declaration of Independence in Global Perspective

Author: David Armitage Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The Discovery of the Americas and the Transatlantic Slave Trade

Author: Ira Berlin Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
General George S. Patton Addressing the 80th Infantry (GLC06760.26)

The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945

Author: David M. Kennedy Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Government and Civics Grade Levels: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Breadline in New York, ca. 1930. (Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Div.)

The Great Depression: An Overview

Author: David M. Kennedy Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The Impact of Horse Culture

Author: Elliott West Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Geography Grade Levels:
Proclamation of 1763 (GLC05214)

The Indians’ War of Independence

Author: Colin G. Calloway Curriculum Subjects: Geography, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Destruction of the statue of George III in New York, 1776. (GLC)

The Invention of the Fourth of July

Author: David Waldstreicher Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The Korean War

Author: Allan R. Millett Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

The League of the Iroquois

Author: Matthew Dennis Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics Grade Levels:
West from Ha-Ta-Men Gate, Peking, 1901. (LC-USZ62-137101)

The Open Door Policy and the Boxer War: The US and China

Author: Warren I. Cohen Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:

The Road to Revolution

Author: T. H. Breen Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Corwin, Robert, photographer. Phil Ochs, Newport Folk Festival, 1966. Photograph

The Sixties and Protest Music

Author: Kerry Candaele Curriculum Subjects: Art, Government and Civics Grade Levels: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Panorama of Chicago, ca. 1906, Universale View Co., Philadelphia, PA (LOC)

The Transnational Nature of the Progressive Era

Author: Daniel T. Rodgers Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
The Nixons at the Great Wall of China, February 1972. (NARA ARC id 194421)

The United States and China during the Cold War

Author: Warren I. Cohen Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels:
United Fruit Company banana conveyors in New Orleans, LA, ca. 1910 (LC-D4-39636)

The United States and the Caribbean, 1877–1920

Author: Jason Colby Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:

The US and Spanish American Revolutions

Author: Jay Sexton Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Geography, Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels:

The War against Spain in the Philippines in 1898

Author: Richard Meixsel Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
Zimmermann Telegram, January 19, 1917. (National Archives)

The Zimmermann Telegram and American Entry into World War I

Author: Michael S. Neiberg Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Truman and His Doctrine: Revolutionary, Unprecedented, and Bipartisan

Author: Elizabeth Edwards Spalding Curriculum Subjects: World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
“Bostonian’s Paying the Excise-man” (London: Philip Dawe, 1774). (GLC04961.01)

Unruly Americans in the Revolution

Author: Woody Holton Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Government and Civics Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+