Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) was perhaps the most well-known leader in the crusade for woman suffrage. Anthony was first involved in the abolition and temperance movements, having met reformers such as Frederick Douglass, Wendell Phillips, and William Lloyd Garrison while living and working as a school teacher near Rochester, New York. In 1850, Anthony met women’s rights advocate Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The two would work together for the rest of their lives in the fight for women’s rights. Anthony spent the 1850s and 1860s advocating abolition and agitating for woman suffrage. In 1866, she became the corresponding secretary of the American Equal Rights Organization, but split from that group after only a few years over its support for the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments; Anthony and Stanton opposed the amendments because they did not extend to women. In 1869, the two women organized the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). In 1872, Anthony illegally voted in Rochester, New York; she was arrested and ordered to pay a $100 fine, which she refused, but was released anyway. Over the following decades, Anthony continued to campaign for women’s rights and suffrage in particular. In 1890, the NSWA merged with Lucy Stone’s American Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Anthony served as NAWSA’s president for eight years, from 1892 to 1900. Though she did not live to see a woman suffrage amendment passed, Anthony continued to advance the cause until her death in 1906.

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