Ellen Craft (ca. 1826–1891) was an enslaved African American who escaped from Georgia in a daring plot. In 1846, Ellen had married William Craft, also a slave, and in December 1848 the couple devised a plan for their escape. The light-skinned Ellen disguised herself as a white man, and William pretended to be her servant. The two left Georgia on December 12, traveling north by train, steamer, and ferry, and they reached Philadelphia on December 25. They settled in Boston with help from abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, but were later forced to flee to England to avoid recapture. There they raised a family and, in 1860, published a narrative of their escape, Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom.

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