Upon the death of Warren G. Harding, Vice President Calvin Coolidge (1872–1933) ascended to the presidency. Coolidge had come to national attention in 1919, when, as governor of Massachusetts, he broke the Boston police strike after declaring “there is no right to strike against the public interest, anytime, anywhere.” His well-deserved nickname was "Silent Cal.” Some acquaintances wagered whether they could make him say more than two words. His answer: “You lose." At the end of his presidency, he was asked whether he had a farewell message for the American people; he paused and said, “Good-bye.” Coolidge slept ten hours a night, napped every afternoon, and seldom worked more than four hours a day. He spoke out ardently on behalf of the nation’s business culture. “The man who builds a factory builds a temple,” said Coolidge, “The man who works there, worships there.” Coolidge was convinced that the formula for economic prosperity was simple: “The chief business of the American people is business.” If government kept its hands of the economy, business would prosper. Among the most notable acts of his presidency were vetoes of bills to assist farmers to develop government power plants along the Tennessee River. The best known accomplishment of his presidency was the Kellogg-Briand Pact, an international agreement outlawing the use of force to settle international disputes. Embodying the anti-war sentiment of the 1920s, this agreement lacked any methods of enforcement.

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