John Adams estimated that roughly a third of the American population supported the Revolution, a third remained loyal to the Crown, and a third was uncommitted. Recent research suggests that perhaps 20 percent of the population consisted of loyalists. Loyalists were especially strong in New Jersey and South Carolina. After the war, about 80,000 loyalists—including substantial numbers of former slaves—emigrated from the United States to other parts of the British Empire. Loyalists were disproportionately from the ranks of the influential, the officeholders, and the well-to-do. Those who stayed in the colonies were removed from positions of prominence.

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