James Weaver (1833–1912) was an Ohio-born politician and the Populist candidate in the 1892 presidential election. Weaver practiced law in Iowa before serving in the Union Army during the Civil War. Afterward, he became interested in social and political reform, and after being passed over for Republican nominations for Congress and governor of Iowa, he became associated with the Greenback-Labor Party. He served as a Greenbacker in the House of Representatives for a number of years before becoming involved in the Populist Party (or People’s Party). In 1892, he was nominated as the Populist candidate for president and won over a million popular votes and twenty-two of 444 electoral votes, losing the election but still garnering a surprisingly large amount of support for a third-party candidate. In the 1896 election, Weaver threw his support behind the Populist-friendly but Democratic William Jennings Bryan.

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