Emma Goldman (1869–1940) was an influential Russian-born anarchist activist. Goldman immigrated to Rochester, New York, from St. Petersburg in 1885. She spent her first years in the United States working in clothing factories in Rochester and New Haven, Connecticut, where she began associating with socialist and anarchist workers. In 1889, Goldman moved to New York City, and in 1893 she was arrested and served a year in jail for inciting a riot at a hunger demonstration. She toured the United States and Europe, lecturing on anarchism and women’s rights. After the assassination of William McKinley in 1901, she was arrested on conspiracy charges but was soon released for lack of evidence. In 1917, she was arrested again, for protesting the draft. Upon her release in 1919, during the height of the Red Scare, she was deported along with hundreds of other radicals to the Soviet Union. Goldman continued her activist activities in Europe, spending her later life traveling as a writer and lecturer.

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