Mary McLeod Bethune (1875–1955) was an African American educator and advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Born to former slaves in South Carolina, Bethune moved to Florida in 1904 to open the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls. The school later became the Bethune-Cookman College, and Bethune served as its president. In 1936, Roosevelt appointed her to the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration. Bethune served in that position until 1944 and advocated equal opportunities for African Americans in New Deal policy. She organized the Black Cabinet of African American advisors to Roosevelt on matters of race. Bethune also served as vice president of the NAACP from 1940 to 1955.

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