W.E.B. Du Bois (1868–1963) was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. At fifteen, Du Bois became the local correspondent for the New York Globe. Du Bois attended Fisk College in Nashville, Tennessee, as well as Harvard University and the University of Berlin and received a BA, MA, and PhD. He worked as a teacher, writer, and social researcher. Considered the father of “social science,” he wrote the groundbreaking book The Souls of Black Folk. He was involved with the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which he served as the director of publications and research and as editor-in-chief for the NAACP’s magazine, the Crisis. Du Bois left the NAACP in 1933 due to clashes with the mainly white leaders of the organization. He organized several Pan-African Congresses with nations around the globe. As the chairman of the Peace Information Center, he demanded the outlaw of atomic weapons, causing him to be indicted by the United States government under the Foreign Agents Registration Act. Du Bois was acquitted due to the lack of evidence. Du Bois moved to Ghana, Africa, late in his life.

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