Presidential Election Results, 1789–2008

Introduction

The Electoral College consists of 538 electors, who are representatives typically chosen by the candidate’s political party, though some state laws differ. Each state’s number of electors is based on its congressional delegation (one for each member in the House of Representatives and one for each member in the Senate). Currently, a total of 270 electoral votes is required to win the presidency.

Prior to the 1804 election the first runner-up became vice president, as spelled out in the US Constitution. As a result of the Election of 1800, the method of electing the vice president was changed for the 1804 election with the Twelfth Amendment, and led to separate ballots cast for the president and vice president, with the winner in each race gaining the seat. Popular vote statistics are not available until the 1824 election.

PDF of the results is also available for download.

Election Results, 1789–2008

Note: Election data is taken from the University of California, Santa Barbara American Presidency Project.

Election Year: 1​789

Winner and Vice President: George Washington, John Adams
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 69
Opponent(s): 34

Candidates: George Washington, John Adams*
*Although theoretically John Adams could have won, everyone knew George Washington was the choice for president; Adams was never expected to win the election.

Election Year: 1792

Winner and Vice President: George Washington, John Adams
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 132
Opponent(s): 77

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican: Aaron Burr, George Clinton, Thomas Jefferson
Federalist Candidates: George Washington, John Adams

Election Year: 1796

Winner and Vice President: John Adams, Thomas Jefferson
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 71
Opponent(s): 68

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidate: Aaron Burr, Thomas Jefferson
Federalist Candidate: John Adams, Thomas Pinckney

Election Year: 1800

Winner and Vice President: Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 73*
Opponent(s): 73

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidates: Aaron Burr, Thomas Jefferson
Federalist Candidate: John Adams, Charles C. Pinckney

* The tie in the Electoral College sent the election to the House of Representatives, where Jefferson received the most votes.

Election Year: 1804

Winner and Vice President: Thomas Jefferson, George Clinton
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 162
Opponent(s): 14

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidate: Thomas Jefferson
Federalist Candidate: Charles C. Pinckney

Election Year: 1808

Winner and Vice President: James Madison, George Clinton
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 122
Opponent(s): 47

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidate: James Madison
Federalist Candidate: Charles C. Pinckney

Election Year: 1812

Winner and Vice President: James Madison, Elbridge Gerry
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 128
Opponent(s): 89

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidate: James Madison
Federalist Candidate: De Witt Clinton

Election Year: 1816

Winner and Vice President: James Monroe, Daniel D. Tompkins
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 183
Opponent(s): 34

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidate: James Monroe
Federalist Candidate: Rufus King

Election Year: 1820

Winner and Vice President: James Monroe, Daniel D. Tompkins
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 231
Opponent(s): 1

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidate: James Monroe
National Republican Candidate: John Quincy Adams

Election Year: 1824

Winner and Vice President: John Quincy Adams, John C. Calhoun
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 84
Opponent(s): 99 (Jackson), 41 (Crawford), 37 (Clay)

Popular Vote

Winner: 32.0%
Opponent(s): 42.0%

Candidates by Party

Democratic-Republican Candidates: Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, Henry Clay
Coalition Candidate: John Quincy Adams

Election Year: 1​828

Winner and Vice President: Andrew Jackson, John C. Calhoun
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 178
Opponent(s): 83

Popular Vote

Winner: 56.1%
Opponent(s): 43.6%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Andrew Jackson
National Republican Candidate: John Quincy Adams

Election Year​: 1832

Winner and Vice President: Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 219
Opponent(s): 49 (Clay), 7 (Wirt)

Popular Vote

Winner: 54.2%
Opponent(s): 37.4% (Clay), 7.8% (Wirt)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Andrew Jackson
National Republican Candidate: Henry Clay
Anti-Masonic Candidate: William Wirt

Election Year: 1836

Winner and Vice President: Martin Van Buren, Richard M. Johnson
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 170
Opponent(s): 73 (Harrison), 26 (White), 14 (Webster), 11 (Mangum)

Popular Vote

Winner: 50.8%
Opponent(s): 36.6% (Harrison), 9.7% (White), 2.7% (Webster)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Martin Van Buren
Whig Candidates: William H. Harrison, Hugh White, Daniel Webster
Independent/Whig Candidate: Willie P. Mangum

Election Year: 1840

Winner and Vice President: William H. Harrison, John Tyler
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 234
Opponent(s): 60

Popular Vote

Winner: 52.9%
Opponent(s): 46.8%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Martin Van Buren
Whig Candidate: William H. Harrison

Election Year: 1844

Winner and Vice President: James K. Polk, George M. Dallas
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 170
Opponent(s): 105

Popular Vote

Winner: 49.5%
Opponent(s): 48.1%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: James K. Polk
Whig Candidate: Henry Clay

Election Year: 1848

Winner and Vice President: Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 163
Opponent(s): 127 (Cass), 0 (Van Buren)

Popular Vote

Winner: 47.3%
Opponent(s): 42.5% (Cass), 10.1% (Van Buren)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Lewis Cass
Whig Candidate: Zachary Taylor
Free Soil Candidate: Martin Van Buren

Election Year: 1852

Winner and Vice President: Franklin Pierce, William R. King
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 254
Opponent(s): 42

Popular Vote

Winner: 50.8%
Opponent(s): 43.9%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Franklin Pierce
Whig Candidate: Winfield Scott

Election Year: 1856

Winner and Vice President: James Buchanan, John C. Breckinridge
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 174
Opponent(s): 114 (Fremont), 8 (Fillmore)

Popular Vote

Winner: 45.3%
Opponent(s): 33.1% (Fremont), 21.6% (Fillmore)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: James Buchanan
Republican Candidate: John C. Fremont
Whig-American Candidate: Millard Fillmore

Election Year: 1860

Winner and Vice President: Abraham Lincoln, Hannibal Hamlin
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 180
Opponent(s): 72 (Breckinridge), 39 (Bell), 12 (Douglas)

Popular Vote

Winner: 39.9%
Opponent(s): 18.1% (Breckinridge), 12.6% (Bell), 29.5% (Douglas)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Stephen A. Douglas
Republican Candidate: Abraham Lincoln
Southern Democratic Candidate: John C. Breckinridge
Constitutional Union Candidate: John Bell

Election Year: 1864

Winner and Vice President: Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 212
Opponent(s): 21

Popular Vote

Winner: 55.1%
Opponent(s): 44.9%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: George B. McClellan
Republican Candidate: Abraham Lincoln

Election Year: 1868

Winner and Vice President: Ulysses S. Grant, Schuyler Colfax
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 214
Opponent(s): 80

Popular Vote

Winner: 52.7%
Opponent(s): 47.3%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Horatio Seymour
Republican Candidate: Ulysses S. Grant

Election Year: 1872

Winner and Vice President: Ulysses S. Grant, Henry Wilson
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 286
Opponent(s): 0

Popular Vote

Winner: 55.6%
Opponent(s): 43.8%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidates: B. Gratz Brown, Horace Greeley, Charles J. Jenkins, David Davis
Republican Candidate: Ulysses S. Grant
Independent Democratic Candidate: Thomas A. Hendricks

Note: Horace Greeley was the major Democratic candidate, and earned electoral votes, but died between the election and the Electoral College. Greeley’s votes were distributed among the other three Democratic candidates

Election Year: 1876

Winner and Vice President: Rutherford B. Hayes, William A. Wheeler
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 185*
Opponent(s): 184

Popular Vote

Winner: 48.0%
Opponent(s): 51.0%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Samuel J. Tilden
Republican Candidate: Rutherford B. Hayes

* With electoral votes in four states in contention, this election was decided by a Federal Electoral Commission.

Election Year: 1880

Winner and Vice President: James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 214
Opponent(s): 155

Popular Vote

Winner: 48.3%
Opponent(s): 48.2%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Winfield S. Hancock
Republican Candidate: James Garfield

Election Year: 1884

Winner and Vice President: Grover Cleveland, Thomas A. Hendricks
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 219
Opponent(s): 182

Popular Vote

Winner: 48.9%
Opponent(s): 48.2%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Grover Cleveland
Republican Candidate: James G. Blaine

Election Year: 1888

Winner and Vice President: Benjamin Harrison, Levi P. Morton
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 233
Opponent(s): 168

Popular Vote

Winner: 47.8%
Opponent(s): 48.6%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Grover Cleveland
Republican Candidate: Benjamin Harrison

Election Year: 1892

Winner and Vice President: Grover Cleveland, Adlai E. Stevenson
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 277
Opponent(s): 145 (Harrison), 22 (Weaver)

Popular Vote

Winner: 46.0%
Opponent(s): 43.0% (Harrison), 8.5% (Weaver)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Grover Cleveland
Republican Candidate: Benjamin Harrison
People’s (Populist) Candidate: James B. Weaver

Election Year: 1896

Winner and Vice President: William McKinley, Garret A. Hobart
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 271
Opponent(s): 176

Popular Vote

Winner: 51.1%
Opponent(s): 45.8%

Candidates by Party

Republican Candidate: William McKinley
Democratic-Populist Candidate: William J. Bryan

Election Year: 1900

Winner and Vice President: William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 292
Opponent(s): 155

Popular Vote

Winner: 51.7%
Opponent(s): 45.5%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: William J. Bryan
Republican Candidate: William McKinley

Election Year: 1904

Winner and Vice President: Theodore Roosevelt, Charles W. Fairbanks
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 336
Opponent(s): 140

Popular Vote

Winner: 56.4%
Opponent(s): 37.6%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Alton B. Parker
Republican Candidate: Theodore Roosevelt

Election Year: 1908

Winner and Vice President: William H. Taft, James S. Sherman
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 321
Opponent(s): 162

Popular Vote

Winner: 51.6%
Opponent(s): 43.0%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: William J. Bryan
Republican Candidate: William H. Taft

Election Year: 1912

Winner and Vice President: Woodrow Wilson, Thomas R. Marshall
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 435
Opponent(s): 88 (Roosevelt), 8 (Taft)

Popular Vote

Winner: 41.8%
Opponent(s): 27.4% (Roosevelt), 23.2% (Taft)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Woodrow Wilson
Republican Candidate: William H. Taft
Progressive Candidate: Theodore Roosevelt

Election Year: 1916

Winner and Vice President: Woodrow Wilson, Thomas R. Marshall
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 277
Opponent(s): 254

Popular Vote

Winner: 49.2%
Opponent(s): 46.1%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Woodrow Wilson
Republican Candidate: Charles E. Hughes

Election Year: 1920

Winner and Vice President: Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 404
Opponent(s): 127

Popular Vote

Winner: 60.3%
Opponent(s): 34.1%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: James M. Cox
Republican Candidate: Warren G. Harding

Election Year: 1924

Winner and Vice President: Calvin Coolidge, Charles G. Dawes
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 382
Opponent(s): 136 (Davis), 13 (LaFollette)

Popular Vote

Winner: 54.0%
Opponent(s): 28.8% (Davis), 16.6% (LaFollette)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: John W. Davis
Republican Candidate: Calvin Coolidge
Progressive Candidate: Robert M. LaFollette

Election Year: 1928

Winner and Vice President: Herbert C. Hoover, Charles Curtis
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 444
Opponent(s): 87

Popular Vote

Winner: 58.2%
Opponent(s): 40.8%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Alfred E. Smith
Republican Candidate: Herbert C. Hoover

Election Year: 1932

Winner and Vice President: Franklin D. Roosevelt, John N. Garner
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 472
Opponent(s): 59

Popular Vote

Winner: 57.4%
Opponent(s): 39.6%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Franklin D. Roosevelt
Republican Candidate: Herbert C. Hoover

Election Year: 1936

Winner and Vice President: Franklin D. Roosevelt, John N. Garner
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 523
Opponent(s): 8

Popular Vote

Winner: 60.8%
Opponent(s): 36.5%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Franklin D. Roosevelt
Republican Candidate: Alfred M. Landon

Election Year: 1940

Winner and Vice President: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Henry A. Wallace
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 449
Opponent(s): 82

Popular Vote

Winner: 54.7%
Opponent(s): 44.8%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Franklin D. Roosevelt
Republican Candidate: Wendell L. Wilkie

Election Year: 1944

Winner and Vice President: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 432
Opponent(s): 99

Popular Vote

Winner: 53.4%
Opponent(s): 45.9%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Franklin D. Roosevelt
Republican Candidate: Thomas E. Dewey

Election Year: 1948

Winner and Vice President: Harry S. Truman, Alben W. Barkley
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 303
Opponent(s): 189 (Dewey), 39 (Thurmond)

Popular Vote

Winner: 49.5%
Opponent(s): 45.1% (Dewey), 2.4% (Thurmond)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Harry S. Truman
Republican Candidate: Thomas E. Dewey
States’ Rights (Dixiecrat) Candidate: Strom Thurmond

Election Year: 1952

Winner and Vice President: Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 442
Opponent(s): 89

Popular Vote

Winner: 54.9%
Opponent(s): 44.4%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Adlai Stevenson
Republican Candidate: Dwight D. Eisenhower

Election Year: 1956

Winner and Vice President: Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 457
Opponent(s): 73

Popular Vote

Winner: 57.4%
Opponent(s): 42.0%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Adlai Stevenson
Republican Candidate: Dwight D. Eisenhower

Election Year: 1960

Winner and Vice President: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 303
Opponent(s): 219

Popular Vote

Winner: 49.7%
Opponent(s): 49.5%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: John F. Kennedy
Republican Candidate: Richard M. Nixon
Independent Candidate: Harry F. Byrd

Election Year: 1964

Winner and Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson, Hubert H. Humphrey
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 486
Opponent(s): 52

Popular Vote

Winner: 61.1%
Opponent(s): 38.5%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Lyndon B. Johnson
Republican Candidate: Barry M. Goldwater

Election Year: 1968

Winner and Vice President: Richard M. Nixon, Spiro T. Agnew
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 301
Opponent(s): 191 (Humphrey), 46 (Wallace)

Popular Vote

Winner: 43.4%
Opponent(s): 42.7% (Humphrey), 13.5% (Wallace)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Hubert H. Humphrey
Republican Candidate: Richard M. Nixon
American Independent Candidate: George C. Wallace

Election Year: 1972

Winner and Vice President: Richard M. Nixon, Spiro T. Agnew
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 520
Opponent(s): 17

Popular Vote

Winner: 60.7%
Opponent(s): 37.5%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: George S. McGovern
Republican Candidate: Richard M. Nixon
Libertarian Candidate: Joseph Hospers

Election Year: 1976

Winner and Vice President: Jimmy Carter, Walter F. Mondale
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 297
Opponent(s): 240

Popular Vote

Winner: 50.1%
Opponent(s): 48.0%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Jimmy Carter
Republican Candidate: Gerald R. Ford

Election Year: 1980

Winner and Vice President: Ronald Reagan, George Bush
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 489
Opponent(s): 49 (Carter), 0 (Anderson)

Popular Vote

Winner: 50.7%
Opponent(s): 41.0% (Carter), 6.6% (Anderson)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Jimmy Carter
Republican Candidate: Ronald Reagan
National Union Candidate: John B. Anderson

Election Year: 1984

Winner and Vice President: Ronald Reagan, George Bush
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 525
Opponent(s): 13

Popular Vote

Winner: 58.8%
Opponent(s): 40.6%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Walter F. Mondale
Republican Candidate: Ronald Reagan

Election Year: 1988

Winner and Vice President: George Bush, James Danforth Quayle
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 426
Opponent(s): 111

Popular Vote

Winner: 53.4%
Opponent(s): 45.6%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Michael S. Dukakis
Republican Candidate: George Bush

Election Year: 1992

Winner and Vice President: William J. Clinton, Albert Gore Jr.
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 370
Opponent(s): 168 (Bush), 0 (Perot)

Popular Vote

Winner: 43.0%
Opponent(s): 37.4% (Bush), 18.9% (Perot)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: William J. Clinton
Republican Candidate: George Bush
Independent Candidate: H. Ross Perot

Election Year: 1996

Winner and Vice President: William J. Clinton, Albert Gore Jr.
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 379
Opponent(s): 159 (Dole), 0 (Perot)

Popular Vote

Winner: 49.2%
Opponent(s): 40.7% (Dole), 8.4% (Perot)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: William J. Clinton
Republican Candidate: Bob Dole
Independent Candidate: H. Ross Perot

Election Year: 2000

Winner and Vice President: George W. Bush, Dick Cheney
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 271
Opponent(s): 266  (Gore), 0 (Nader)

Popular Vote

Winner: 47.9%
Opponent(s): 48.4% (Gore), 2.7% (Nader)

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Albert Gore Jr.
Republican Candidate: George W. Bush
Green Party Candidate: Ralph Nader

Election Year: 2004

Winner and Vice President: George W. Bush, Dick Cheney
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 286
Opponent(s): 251

Popular Vote

Winner: 50.7%
Opponent(s): 48.3%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: John F. Kerry
Republican Candidate: George W. Bush

Election Year: 2008

Winner and Vice President: Barack Obama, Joe Biden
Electoral College Votes

Winner: 365
Opponent(s): 173

Popular Vote

Winner: 52.9%
Opponent(s): 45.7%

Candidates by Party

Democratic Candidate: Barack Obama
Republican Candidate: John McCain

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