America and the China Trade: Images from the Collection of the Peabody Essex Museum

Grant Turk Punchbowl, ca. 1786

China

Porcelain, 5 ½ in. h. x 15 7/8 in. diam.

Peabody Essex Museum, Gift of Elias Hasket Derby, Jr., 1800–1801, E62499

This bowl was presented by the Chinese merchant Pinqua to the captain of the Grand Turk, the second ship from America to reach Canton and the first from Salem, and is inscribed in the center to indicate that it is the Grand Turk. The design however was taken from a British publication of 1777 on seamanship. 

The China Tea Trade, 1790–1800

China, unknown artist

Oil on canvas, 47 1/8 x 71 3/4 in.

Peabody Essex Museum, Museum Purchase, M25794

The entire process of tea production is illustrated in this single painting, starting at the top with the preparation of the ground and moving back and forth down the canvas to the waterfront until the tea is packed and shipped to the West.

Wu Bingjian (1769–1843), also known as Howqua II, c. 1830

Guangzhou, China, oil on canvas, 29 1/4 x 23 1/4 in. (framed)

Gift of Rebecca B. Chase, Ann B. Mathias, and Charles E. Bradford, 1990

M23228

Howqua II (as he was known to Westerners), was one of the most important and senior Hong merchants in Canton and was a great friend of British and American merchants, in particular with the American Robert Bennet Forbes, whose steamer Spark can be seen in the view of Canton.

View of Dane’s Island Foreign Cemetery, c. 1840

China, Sunqua (active 1830–1870), signed lower right

Oil on canvas, (sight) 13 5/8 x 32 1/2 in.

Peabody Essex Museum, Museum Purchase, M20543

Two American ships are at anchor near where all foreigners were buried. The obelisk is the monument erected for the Hon. Alexander H. Everett, the first United States Commissioner to China who died at Canton, June 28, 1847.

The ship Henry Tuke, c. 1850

China, unknown artist

Oil on canvas, 17 1/2 x 23 in.

Peabody Essex Museum, Gift, 1891, M160

The Henry Tuke was an American ship built in Medford, Massachusetts, in 1824. It is depicted at Whampoa Anchorage, about ten miles south of Canton, with the Whampoa pagoda seen in the distance. Until the Opium Wars all ships had to anchor here.

The Hongs of Canton, c. 1855

China, Tingqua (active 1840–1870s)

Gouache on paper, 7 ½ x 10 1/8 in.

Peabody Essex Museum, Gift of Miss Clara Curtis E82553

The Canton waterfront is depicted from Honam Island. The Protestant church seen on the waterfront was built in 1847 and burned with the Hongs in 1856. The steamer Spark was brought to Canton in 1849 by the American merchant Capt. Robert Bennet Forbes.

All photos courtesy of the Peabody Essex Museum.

For more read “America and the China Trade in History Now 42: The Role of China in US History

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