Wendell Phillips (1811–1884) was a preeminent orator in the anti-slavery movement. As a Boston lawyer, Phillips became acquainted with William Lloyd Garrison in the 1830s. In 1837, Phillips delivered his first anti-slavery oration after the mob murder of abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy. Phillips soon abandoned his legal practice to devote his professional and personal life to abolition. During the Civil War, Phillips was critical of Lincoln. He condemned the US Constitution as a pro-slavery document and spoke out against proposed compromises with the South. After the war, he focused on women’s rights, temperance, and civil rights for African Americans.

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