Dick Cheney (1941– ) served as the vice president to George W. Bush. During the 1970s, Cheney served the administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. In 1978 he was elected to the US House of Representatives as a Republican from Wyoming. He later served as secretary of defense under President George H. W. Bush and in 2000 was elected vice president to the younger Bush. Cheney helped push for the war in Iraq after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. He asserted that there were significant links between Iraq and Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda. Cheney maintained that US intelligence confirmed that Iraq had developed weapons of mass destruction—intelligence that was later found to be untrue. He also faced scrutiny for his connections to Halliburton, where he served as CEO from 1995 to 2000 and which received lucrative contracts in Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein. Cheney was also criticized for his role in the leak of the identity of CIA agent Valerie Plame.

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