Ferdinand Magellan (ca. 1480–1521) was a Portuguese explorer who led the first voyage to circumnavigate the globe. Magellan was unable to secure Portuguese support for his expedition, but in 1518 Spain provided him with five ships for the trip. The fleet set sail from Spain in September 1519. The voyage was completed in 1522, but Magellan did not see its end. In 1521, he was killed in a conflict with the inhabitants of Mactan Island in the Philippines. Magellan wasn’t the only one who perished during the voyage. Only nineteen of his men, out of the 277 who had begun the journey, returned to Spain.

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