James Monroe (1758–1831) was the fifth president of the United States. A Virginia native, Monroe was also a veteran of the American Revolution, having crossed the Delaware with George Washington and been in the battles at Trenton, Brandywine, and Germantown. After the war, Monroe returned to Virginia to study law under Thomas Jefferson, who would act as Monroe’s mentor and greatly influence his political views. Monroe served as a public servant in myriad positions over the years, in the Virginia House of Delegates, Confederation Congress, and US Senate, and as ambassador to France, governor of Virginia, secretary of state, and secretary of war. In 1816, Monroe was elected to the nation’s highest office as the Republican nominee. His legacy as president, in a period deemed the “Era of Good Feelings,” included the Missouri Compromise, the aquisition of Florida from Spain, and the lasting foreign policy of the Monroe Doctrine. Monroe left office after two terms in 1825 and served as regent of the University of Virginia until 1830.

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