James B. “Wild Bill” Hickok (1837–1876) was a frontiersman, gunfighter, and lawman of the American West. Hickok was born in Illinois and moved west in 1856. During the 1860s, he became known as a brave and talented marksman, gaining notoriety in an 1861 shootout. After the Civil War, Wild Bill acted as an army scout and US marshal in Kansas. In 1871, he became town marshal of Abilene, Kansas, bringing order to the previously lawless town. Hickok later performed in William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody’s Wild West show. He was shot and killed during an 1876 poker game in the Dakota Territory.

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