George Mason (1725–1792) was an American political leader from Virginia who opposed strong central government and supported protections for individual liberties. During the 1760s and 1770s, Mason vocally opposed British policies and called on colonists to oppose the Stamp Act in 1765. He drafted the Fairfax Resolves in 1774 and Virginia’s Declaration of Rights in 1776. His Declaration of Rights became a model for the Declaration of Independence. It also became a foundation for the Constitutional Bill of Rights adopted in 1791. At the Constitutional Convention Mason argued for a constitutional guarantee of liberties. He opposed compromises on the slave trade and the creation of a strong federal government. In September 1787, Mason, with Elbridge Gerry and Edmund Randolph, declined to sign the Constitution because the document lacked a bill of rights.

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