George Wallace (1913–1998) served as the governor of Alabama for four terms between 1963 and 1987 and vigorously opposed desegregation and the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. Wallace won the governorship as a Democrat in 1962. In his inaugural address he declared, “Segregation now! Segregation tomorrow! Segregation forever!” During his first year in office he pledged to “stand in the schoolhouse door” to block the enrollment of African American students at the University of Alabama. Wallace also used state forces in an attempt to block integration in Birmingham, Huntsville, Mobile, and Tuskegee, making him the face of segregation. Wallace also made several failed attempts at the presidency. In the 1980s, he renounced his segregationist ideology, but he is still most remembered as a vehement enemy of integration.

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