Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (1824–1863) was a celebrated Confederate general in the American Civil War. Born in Virginia, Jackson graduated from West Point and served in the Mexican-American War. He resigned his commission in 1851 to take a position as a professor at the Virginia Military Institute. When Virginia seceded in 1861, Jackson remained loyal to the state and was commissioned as a Confederate colonel. He was soon promoted to brigadier general and took part in the First Battle of Bull Run. There, his forces held their line and Jackson earned his historic nickname, “Stonewall.” Jackson was promoted again to major general and soon saw success in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign. At Fredericksburg in December 1862, Jackson’s forces delivered a crushing defeat to the Union armies of Ambrose E. Burnside. In May 1863, Jackson and Lee devised a plan for confronting Union forces at Chancellorsville. The Confederates managed to rout Hooker’s army, but Jackson was fatally injured in the fighting. After his death, Jackson’s reputation as a daring and skilled leader was solidified, and he became one of the Confederacy’s most prominent Civil War heroes.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Related Site Content