Casualties and Costs of the Civil War

 

Troops Available for Duty (January 1)

Union

Confederacy

1862

527,204

209,852

1863

698,808

253,208

1864

611,250

233,586

1865

620,924

154,910




Questions to Think About

  1. Why did troop strength peak in 1863?
  2. Do you think that the differences in troop strength were responsible for the war's outcome?

 

Deaths During the Civil War

Union

Confederacy

Total forces

1,556,678

1,082,119

Deaths from Wounds

110,070

94,000

Deaths from Disease

249,458

164,000

Death Rate

23 percent

24 percent

Wounded

275,175

100,000


 

Deaths in American Wars

Civil War

618,000

World War II

405,000

World War I

112,000

Vietnam War

58,000

Korean War

54,000

Mexican War

13,000

Revolution

4,000

Spanish-American War

2,000

War of 1812

2,000


 

Civil War Troops

Union

Confederacy

1862

527,204

209,852

1863

698,808

253,208

1864

611,250

233,586

1865

620,924

154,910

Total Forces

1,556,678

1,082,119


 

Civil War Casualties

Union

Confederacy

Death from wounds

110,070

94,000

Death from disease

249,458

164,000

Total death rate

23 percent

24 percent

Wounded

275,175

100,000 (approx.)


 

Cost of U.S. Wars

Wartime Costs

Veterans' Benefits

Interest Payments

(in millions)

American Revolution

$100-140

$28

$20

War of 1812

$87

$20

$14

Mexican War

$82

$26

$10

Civil War (Union only)

$2,300

$3,289

$1,200

Spanish-American

$270

$2,111

$60

World War I

$23,700

$13,856

$11,100

World War II

$260,000

$65,231

$200,000

Korea

$50,000

$11,391

Vietnam

$140,600

$13,173



Questions to Think About

  1. How does the cost of the Civil War--in casualties and expense--compare to the cost of other American wars?
  2. Why do you think that the Civil War was so lethal?

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