Muammar Qaddafi (1942–2011) was the long-time leader of Libya who gained power in a military coup of the country’s government in 1969. Under Qaddafi, the Libyan government committed crimes against its own people and financed various terrorist organizations across the globe, earning the ire of the international community and the United States in particular. Although the US and the United Nations rescinded many sanctions against Libya when Qaddafi made some concessions regarding Libya’s weapons program and turned over suspected terrorists, anti-Qaddafi demonstrations arose in Libya during the “Arab Spring” of 2011. Qaddafi ordered violent retaliation against civillian protestors and refused to step down. Rebel forces captured and killed the former leader on October 20, 2011.

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