James Madison (1751–1836) was born in Port Conway, Virginia. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in two years rather than the usual four with concentrations in theology, history, and law. In 1776, he drafted Virginia’s first constitution and bill of rights, which later became a model for the Bill of Rights amendments to the US Constitution. Madison supported religious toleration and the separation of church and state. He was elected to the Continental Congress in 1779 and the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He was elected to the House of Representatives two years later and, with Thomas Jefferson, formed the Democratic-Republican Party in opposition to the Federalists. In 1794, he married Dolley Payne Todd. Madison was appointed secretary of state in 1801 by fellow Virginian Thomas Jefferson. Madison was elected president for two consecutive terms, from 1809 to 1815.

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