John Quincy Adams and the Amistad case, 1841

A primary source by John Quincy Adams
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1841
Creator: 
John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams to Roger S. Baldwin, November 11, 1840 (Gilder Lehrman CoOn July 1, 1839, fifty-three Africans, recently kidnapped into slavery in Sierra Leone and sold at a Havana slave market, revolted on board the schooner Amistad.

Inline body image(s): 
Barber, John W. (1798-1885) A History of the Amistad captives
John Quincy Adams to Roger S. Baldwin, November 11, 1840 (Gilder Lehrman Co
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John Brown’s final speech, 1859

A primary source by John Brown
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1859
Creator: 
John Brown

 John Brown, “Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court..." December, 1859 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Inline body image(s): 
Three quarter length standing view facing proper right. Photograph from painting
 John Brown, “Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court..." December 1859
 John Brown, “Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court..." December, 1859 (Gi
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Jefferson on British aggression, 1815

A primary source by Thomas Jefferson
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1815
Creator: 
Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson to James Maury Esq., June 16, 1815. (Gilder Lehrman CollectIn this letter in defense of American nationalism, Thomas Jefferson denounced the blustering of certain members of the British House of Lords who blamed the War of 1812 on US aggression.

Inline body image(s): 
Thomas Jefferson to James Maury Esq., June 16, 1815. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
Thomas Jefferson to James Maury Esq., June 16, 1815. (Gilder Lehrman Collect
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George Washington on the abolition of slavery, 1786

A primary source by George Washington
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1786
Creator: 
George Washington

George Washington to John Francis Mercer, September 9, 1786. (Gilder LehrmanOf the nine presidents who were slaveholders, only George Washington freed all his own slaves upon his death.

Inline body image(s): 
"Life of George Washington--The farmer,"  by Jumius Brutus Stearns (LOC)
George Washington to John Francis Mercer, September 9, 1786. (Gilder Lehrman
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Two versions of the Preamble to the Constitution, 1787

A primary source by Constitutional Convention
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1787
Creator: 
Constitutional Convention

On May 25, 1787, the fifty-five delegates to the Constitutional Convention began meeting in a room, no bigger than a large schoolroom, in Philadelphia’s State House. They posted sentries at the doors and windows to keep their “secrets from flying out.” They barred the press and public, and took a vow not to reveal to anyone the words spoken there. There were speeches of two, three, and four hours. The convention, which lasted four months, took only a single eleven-day break.

Inline body image(s): 
Constitution [printing of first draft] [Committee of Detail], August 6, 1787.
Constitution. Printed Dunlap & Claypoole edition inscribed to Jonathan Williams,
Constitution [printing of first draft] [Committee of Detail], August 6, 1787.
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The first inauguration: George Washington and his reluctance to become president, 1789

A primary source by George Washington
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1789
Creator: 
George Washington

George Washington to Henry Knox, April 1, 1789. (Gilder Lehrman Collection, From 1787 to 1789, as the Constitution was submitted for ratification by the states, most Americans assumed that George Washington would be the first president.

Inline body image(s): 
General George Washington Resigning his Commission, John Trumbull, U.S. Capitol
George Washington to Henry Knox, April 1, 1789. (GLC02437.09419)
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A map of the Louisiana Territory, 1814

A primary source by Meriwether Lewis
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1814
Creator: 
Meriwether Lewis

A Map of the Louisiana Territory, 1814. (Gilder Lehrman Collection) The 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France during Thomas Jefferson’s first term as president more than doubled the size of the United States.

Inline body image(s): 
A Map of the Louisiana Territory, 1814. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
A Map of the Louisiana Territory, 1814. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississipi, 1718

A primary source by Guillaume De l’Isle
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1718
Creator: 
Guillaume De l’Isle

Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississippi [map of North America], by Guil

Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississippi [map of North America], by Guil
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Henry Knox’s Order of March to Trenton, 1776

A primary source by Henry Knox
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1776
Creator: 
Henry Knox

Henry Knox, Order of march to Trenton, December 26, 1776 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)On Christmas Day in 1776 the American Revolution was on the verge of collapsing.

Inline body image(s): 
Henry Knox, Order of march to Trenton, December 26, 1776 (Gilder Lehrman Collect
Henry Knox to Lucy Knox, December 28, 1776 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Paul Revere’s engraving of the Boston Massacre, 1770

A primary source by Paul Revere
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1770
Creator: 
Paul Revere

Paul Revere, “The Bloody Massacre in King-Street, March 5, 1770.” Boston, 1770. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Paul Revere, “The Bloody Massacre in King-Street, March 5, 1770.” Boston, 1770.
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