George Washington on the abolition of slavery, 1786

A primary source by George Washington
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1786
Creator: 
George Washington

George Washington to John Francis Mercer, September 9, 1786. (Gilder LehrmanOf the nine presidents who were slaveholders, only George Washington freed all his own slaves upon his death.

Inline body image(s): 
George Washington to John Francis Mercer, September 9, 1786. (Gilder Lehrman
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississipi, 1718

A primary source by Guillaume De l’Isle
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1718
Creator: 
Guillaume De l’Isle

Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississippi [map of North America], by Guillaume de l’Isle, Paris, 1718.

Inline body image(s): 
Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississippi [map of North America], by Guil
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Henry Knox’s Order of March to Trenton, 1776

A primary source by Henry Knox
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1776
Creator: 
Henry Knox

Henry Knox, Order of march to Trenton, December 26, 1776 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)On Christmas Day in 1776 the American Revolution was on the verge of collapsing.

Inline body image(s): 
Henry Knox, Order of march to Trenton, December 26, 1776 (Gilder Lehrman Collect
Henry Knox to Lucy Knox, December 28, 1776 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Paul Revere’s engraving of the Boston Massacre, 1770

A primary source by Paul Revere
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1770
Creator: 
Paul Revere

Paul Revere, “The Bloody Massacre in King-Street, March 5, 1770.” Boston, 1770. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Paul Revere, “The Bloody Massacre in King-Street, March 5, 1770.” Boston, 1770.
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

A Jamestown settler describes life in Virginia, 1622

A primary source by Sebastian Brandt
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1622
Creator: 
Sebastian Brandt

Sebastian Brandt to Henry Hovener, January 13, 1622. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)The first English settlers in Jamestown, Virginia, who arrived in 1607, were eager to find gold and silver. Instead they found sickness and disease.

Inline body image(s): 
Sebastian Brandt to Henry Hovener, January 13, 1622. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Late seventeenth-century map of the Northeast, 1682

A primary source by Nicholas Visscher
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1682
Creator: 
Nicholas Visscher

Novi Belgi Novaeque Angliae [New Netherland and New England], 1682. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Inline body image(s): 
Novi Belgi Novaeque Angliae [New Netherland and New England], 1682.
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Cotton Mather’s account of the Salem witch trials, 1693

A primary source by Cotton Mather
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1693
Creator: 
Cotton Mather

Cotton Mather. The Wonders of the Invisible world....,1693 (Gilder Lehrman Colle

Cotton Mather. The Wonders of the Invisible world....,1693 (Gilder Lehrman Colle
Cotton Mather. The Wonders of the Invisible world....,1693 (Gilder Lehrman Colle
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

The surrender of New Netherland, 1664

A primary source by Richard Nicholls
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1664
Creator: 
Richard Nicholls

True copy of articles, whereupon . . . the New Netherlands were surrendered, September 29, 1664. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

True copy of articles, whereupon . . . the New Netherlands were surren
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

The Doctrine of Discovery, 1493

A primary source by Pope Alexander VI
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1493
Creator: 
Pope Alexander VI

Demarcation bull, granting Spain possession of the New World, May 4, 1493.The Papal Bull “Inter Caetera,” issued by Pope Alexander VI on May 4, 1493, played a central role in the Spanish conquest of the New World.

Inline body image(s): 
Demarcation bull, granting Spain possession of the New World, May 4, 1493.
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.