by Alan Taylor

The leaders of the American Revolution made three great gambles. First, they sought independence from the powerful British Empire, becoming the first colonies in the Americas to revolt and seek independence from their mother empire. Second, they formed a union of thirteen states, which was also unprecedented, for the colonies had long histories of bickering with one another. Third, the revolutionaries committed their new states to a republic, then a radical and risky form of government. In a republic, the people were the sovereign—rejecting the rule of a monarch and aristocrats. Today we take for granted that governments elected by the people can be stable, long lasting, and effective. But the Americans in the new nation were not so sure, given the lessons of history. In 1789, the United States was the only large republic in the world; the others were a handful of small city-states scattered in Europe, and none of the larger republics in the history of the world had lasted very long. Like the ancient republic of Rome, they had collapsed and reverted to some form of tyranny, usually by a military dictator.More »


Resources for Constitution Day

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Pierce Butler's notes on the draft of the preamble to the US Constitution, Augus
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Pierce Butler's notes on the draft of the preamble to the US Constitution, Augus
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July 3 – 31, 2012 Location: Grinnell, Iowa
Grinnell, Iowa

In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson based the colonists’ right to separate on the King’s denial of their freedom—their “inalienable rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”. Yet for over 225 years, the principle of freedom and our understanding of its implications have evolved.  The debates, decisions, and battles of our past shape the United States in which we live today. The exhibition invites the modern-day viewer into the lives of the men and women who forged this nation, whether they arrived in this land by choice or in chains.

by Jack Rakove