In the presidential election of 1968, Republican Richard Nixon faced off against Democrat Hubert Humphrey and American Independent Party candidate George Wallace. Humphrey had won the Democratic nomination after the assassination of Robert Kennedy, but Nixon took the national election.
Republican Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Jimmy Carter for the presidency. Reagan’s campaign was aided by the poor economy and Carter’s failure to successfully put an end to the Iranian hostage crisis.
Bill Clinton was re-elected president over Republican nominee Bob Dole and Reform Party candidate Ross Perot. Though Republicans had attacked Clinton on moral issues, the President’s handling of the economy helped him capture 379 electoral votes to Dole’s 159.
Nearly a month after election day, George W. Bush was declared winner of the presidential election over Democratic nominee Al Gore with 271 electoral votes to Gore’s 267. Gore won more popular votes than Bush, but Bush had taken twenty-five key electoral votes in Florida, where a recount was set in motion. On December 4, the federal district court ruled to certify the existing count, a ruling upheld by the US Supreme Court. Florida officials ended the recount and declared Bush the winner of Florida’s electoral votes.
In a close race, George W. Bush was re-elected president over Democratic nominee Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts. Bush earned 286 electoral votes and 51 percent of the popular vote to Kerry’s 252 electoral votes and 48 percent popular; Independent Ralph Nader took the last 1 percent of the popular vote.