The Forest Reserve Act authorized the president to set aside “forest reserves” from public domain lands to be managed by the Department of the Interior. “Forest reserves” later became National Forests.
The Kyoto Protocol treaty was adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The protocol was an agreement between member countries for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in coming years. The United States was the only industrialized country in the world that refused to ratify the protocol, though it remained a member of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The National Park Service Organic Act of 1916 established the National Park Service as part of the Department of the Interior. The new agency was charged with promoting and regulating the use of national parks, monuments, and reservations and preserving them “for the enjoyment of future generations.”
The Deepwater Horizon, a deepwater oil drilling rig operated by BP, exploded in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010. The explosion killed eleven workers and set off a massive offshore oil spill. Millions of barrels of crude oil rushed into the gulf for months until the leak was capped on July 15. Local fishing economies were devastated by the spill.