The Forest Reserve Act authorized the president to set aside “forest reserves” from public domain lands to be managed by the Department of the Interior. “Forest reserves” later became National Forests.
Conflict broke out when the United States failed to honor its 1868 treaty promising to assign prairie lands to the Bannock Indians. Pushed west by white incursion and suffering from starvation, the Bannock and Northern Shoshone tribes raided white settlements for food. The Army put down the raids, and the Bannock surrendered and were returned to their reservation near Fort Hall, Idaho.