The Judiciary Act of 1801 increased the number of federal courts, judgeships, clerks, and marshals. President Adams, whose term of office was about to expire, quickly filled the new positions with Federalists.
John Pickering, a judge of the District of New Hampshire, and Samuel Chase, a Supreme Court justice, were impeached when President Thomas Jefferson led an effort to remove Federalist judges from office. Pickering was convicted and removed from office on March 12, 1804, but Chase was aquitted and returned to his position on March 1, 1805.
The Shawnees, led by Tenskwatawa, were defeated by the forces of William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Tecumseh’s confederation was weakened and Harrison’s reputation as a war hero was bolstered.