Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton traveled to London for the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention. They were denied seats in the main hall of the convention, and were only allowed to observe the events from the gallery. William Lloyd Garrison sat in the gallery to protest the exclusion of the women.
In “An Address to the Slaves of the United States of America” at the Convention of Free People of Color in Buffalo, New York, abolitionist Henry Highland Garnet openly called for slave insurrection, declaring “Brethren, arise, arise! Strike for your lives and liberties. Now is the day and the hour. Let every slave throughout the land do this and the days of slavery are numbered.”
Harriet Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which sold 300,000 copies in a year and a million copies in sixteen months. When Stowe met President Lincoln at the White House, he reportedly asked her: “Is this the little woman whose book made such a great war?”
Democratic Congressman David Wilmot submitted an amendment to a military appropriations bill prohibiting slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico. The proviso passed the House twice but was defeated in the Senate.
Fifty-three captive West Africans revolted at sea and seized control of the slave ship L’Amistad. The ship was soon captured by the US Navy and towed to New Haven, where there was a legal battle over the Africans’ fate. In 1841, the Supreme Court ruled that the Amistad captives had been illegally enslaved and released them.