In Schechter Poultry Corporation v. the United States, the Supreme Court ruled the National Recovery Administration unconstitutional and held that the government could not determine national codes, wages, or hours in local plants.
The Nazis began the blitzkrieg (or “lighting war”) of several European countries, including Poland, Denmark, Norway, Belguim, France, and the Netherlands. Blitzkrieg attacks combined forces of mechanized infantry, tank divisions, and air support to devastate invaded countries and led to many quick surrenders.
President Roosevelt signed Executive Order #9066, which authorized the designation of military areas “from which any or all persons may be excluded.” The order was used to remove Japanese Americans to internment camps.
After a months-long battle at Stalingrad, Soviet troops recaptured the city in a key victory. The victory came at a great price in civilian and military casualties—as many as two million between the Russians and the Axis powers. The battle weakened German military might and damaged German morale.