The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut became the first written constitution in America.
The Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne’s War. France ceded Newfoundland and Nova Scotia to Britain.
King George’s War, the North American portion of the War of the Austrian Succession, was the third colonial war between France and England. There was no clear victor in the conflict overall.
Dutch leader Peter Stuyvesant lost New Netherland (later New York), including New Amsterdam (the present-day island of Manhattan), to England in the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
Pilgrims seeking religious freedom arrived in the New World aboard the Mayflower. On November 11, 1620, they signed the Mayflower Compact, the first governing document of Plymouth.
Spanish conquistador Juan de Oñate destroyed the Ácoma pueblo and claimed what is now New Mexico with brutal force.
John White returned to Roanoke with more English colonists to find the settlement deserted. The settlers there may have moved on or been attacked by American Indians, but their fate was never confirmed, leaving Roanoke’s abandonment a mystery.
John Smith established Jamestown in Virginia.
Quebec City was founded in New France.
The Spanish founded Santa Fe in present-day New Mexico.