Confederates captured Fort Pillow, Tennessee. Witnesses later reported that Confederates shot down surrending Union soldiers, women, and children, including 300 African Americans.
Louisiana voters approved a new state constitution abolishing slavery.
By a narrow margin, Maryland voters adopted a new state constitution that provided for the abolition of slavery.
President Lincoln issued a proclamation admitting Nevada into the Union as a free state.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified upon Georgia’s ratification.
The Constitutional Convention of Tennessee adopted an amendment abolishing slavery in the state.
The Missouri constitutional convention banned slavery.
The Juneteenth holiday was created when news reached Texas that slavery had ended.
Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment, which granted citizenship to African Americans and reduced representation in Congress of any southern state that deprived African Americans of the vote.
West Virginia was admitted into the Union with gradual emancipation provided for in its constitution.