Stephen Douglas was the first in a long line of observers...
“We the People?” asked Patrick Henry at the Virginia convention to...
The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, granting African American men the right to vote.
Harriet Jacobs’ Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, the first autobiography of an African American woman, was published.
Lucy, a slave from Virginia who had fled to Ohio, became one of the last slaves to be returned under the Fugitive Slave Law.
General Benjamin Butler at Fort Monroe, Virginia, declared escaped slaves “contraband” of war and refused to return them to their owners.
Congress abolished slavery in Washington, DC, with a provision for compensation to loyal owners.
General David Hunter issued his General Orders No. 11, which declared slaves in Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina free. Concerned with border states’ loyalty, Lincoln revoked the order ten days later.
Abraham Lincoln signed legislation barring slavery in the US territories, which extend from New Mexico to Washington and Dakota.
Harriet Tubman helped Union troops free 700 slaves at Combahee River, South Carolina.