Washington crossed the Delaware River to attack British forces at Trenton, New Jersey. The surprise raid was a major success.
Washington defeated the British at Princeton, then established winter quarters at Morristown.
Commissioned by Congress, Mary Katherine Goddard printed the first copy of the Declaration of Independence to include the names of the signers.
The Continental Congress authorized a flag with thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen white stars on a field of blue.
Vermont abolished slavery, followed by Massachusetts in 1783. Gradual emancipation laws were passed between 1780 and 1804 in Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey.
Washington’s forces were defeated at Brandywine Creek, Pennsylvania.
After winning the Battle of Brandywine, the British captured Philadelphia on September 26, 1777. The British army finally left the Continental capital almost nine months later on June 18, 1778, following France’s entry into the war.
The first major American victory of the war took place at Saratoga when Continental forces trapped British General John Burgoyne’s army. Burgoyne was forced to surrender on October 17.
Washington’s army was defeated at Germantown, Pennsylvania.
Washington made camp for the winter at Valley Forge. Washington’s army suffered incredible hardship through the winter, facing disease, cold, hunger, and lack of supplies.