The American Revolutionary War began with the “shot heard ’round the world.” At the battles of Lexington and Concord, seventy-three British troops were killed and 200 were wounded or missing in action. The patriot losses were forty-nine dead and forty-six wounded or missing.
At the meeting of the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia introduced a resolution that “these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states.”
The colonies offered the Olive Branch Petition to King George III. In the petition, the colonies offered to remain loyal to the Crown if their grievances were addressed. Parliament and King George rejected the petition.