President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in a motorcade through Dallas, Texas. Vice President Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as president upon Kennedy’s death.
Lyndon Johnson announced his “Great Society” plan in his first State of the Union message. The program called for a “war on poverty,” with social welfare legislation and increased federal support for education, health care, and voting rights.
The United States, in concert with twenty-two Latin American countries, established the Alliance for Progress. The program provided more than $20 billion in aid from the US and international and private sources in exchange for Latin American commitment to democracy, economic reforms, and education and standard-of-living improvements.
In an invasion planned by the United States Central Intelligence Agency and approved by the Kennedy administration, US-backed Cuban anti-Castro forces landed at the Bay of Pigs but were overcome by Castro’s troops. More than 1100 men were captured in an embarrassing defeat. The prisoners were eventually ransomed back to the US in exchange for food and medicine.