Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-shek issued the Potsdam Declaration to Japan: “We call upon the Government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all the Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and adequate assurances of their good faith in such action. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.”
Roosevelt and Churchill met in Casablanca, Morocco, and approved the policy of unconditional surrender. The trip made Roosevelt the first sitting president to both travel to Africa and leave the country during war.
President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued the Atlantic Charter, a joint statement on behalf of the United States and Britain that highlighted the two nations’ “common principles” and plans for cooperation in the creation of “a better future for the world.”
At the Battle of the Bulge, 200,000 German troops sought to push back and divide the Allied armies. Generals Patton and Eisenhower led their soldiers in slowing the attack and ultimately organized a counterattack to restore the front. Soon after the conflict, Winston Churchill called it “the greatest American battle of the War, and . . . an ever-famous American victory.” During the battle, 101st Airborne commanding general Anthony McAuliffe famously sent his one word reply to the German ultimatum to surrender: “Nuts.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin met in Iran to discuss strategy and cooperation. The three leaders agreed to coordinate a Soviet offensive and an Allied landing at Normandy, and Stalin agreed to enter the war against Japan once Hitler was defeated.
Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin issued coordinated announcements of the Allied Powers’ victory in Europe. Major celebrations took place, though victory in the Pacific was yet to be achieved.