President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in a motorcade through Dallas, Texas. Vice President Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as president upon Kennedy’s death.
The Kerner Commission, established by President Lyndon B. Johnson during the race riots of 1967, issued its report on the nation’s recent racial violence. The report declared, “Our nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal.” It further stated, “This deepening racial division is not inevitable. The movement apart can be reversed. ”
In the presidential election of 1968, Republican Richard Nixon faced off against Democrat Hubert Humphrey and American Independent Party candidate George Wallace. Humphrey had won the Democratic nomination after the assassination of Robert Kennedy, but Nixon took the national election.
President Lyndon Johnson announced his Great Society program during his State of the Union address in 1964. He outlined a series of domestic programs that he promised would eliminate poverty and inequality in the United States. By the end of Johnson’s term, Congress had implemented 226 of 252 his legislative requests.