The first women's rights pamphlet, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women by Sarah Grimke, was published in the United States. It galvanized Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucy Stone and other early leaders of the suffrage movement.
Women’s rights activist Lucy Stone beceme the first woman known to keep her maiden name upon marriage. Stone and her husband, Henry Blackwell, asserted that they had married “acknowledging our mutual affection by publicly assuming the relationship of husband and wife.” They believed that “personal independence and equal human rights can never be forfeited . . . [and] marriage should be an equal and permanent partnership.”
Lucy Stone (1818–1893) was an American abolitionist and women’s rights activist. Stone graduated from Oberlin College in 1847 and helped to organize the first National Women’s Rights Convention in 1850. In 1855, she married Ohio abolitionist Henry B. Blackwell and retained her maiden name, a radical protest against married women’s lack of rights. In the 1860s, she helped organize various women’s rights and suffrage organizations, including the American Woman Suffrage Association with Julia Ward Howe.