Nikita Khrushchev (1894–1971) emerged as a leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. In 1956, Khrushchev denounced Stalin and began working to improve the Soviet image in the international community. In the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, Khrushchev agreed to President John F. Kennedy’s demand to remove Soviet missiles from Cuba. The agreement was considered a humiliating defeat by Khrushchev’s fellow Soviets. His domestic programs also largely failed, and he was peacefully deposed in 1964.
The Bay of Pigs (Bahia de Chochinos) was the landing spot for a tactical invasion of Cuba by exiles and American-sponsored mercenaries. The invasion was planned by the CIA and supported by President John F. Kennedy. It was a failure and humiliation for the United States in its fight against communism, Fidel Castro, and Cuba’s Soviet alliance.