Major General John Charles Fremont issued an unauthorized order for the confiscation and emancipation of slaves; Lincoln later reversed it for fear of alienating “Southern Union friends.”
James Buchanan was elected the fifteenth president of the United States, beating out Republican John C. Fremont and Know Nothing Party candidate Millard Fillmore.
At the Republican National Convention Lincoln received 110 votes for vice president but William L. Dayton won the nomination as John C. Fremont’s running mate.
In 1863 in the war-torn South, thousands were homeless and starving. Some of those most in need of aid were newly liberated slaves.