- ›› Coverage People : Henry Hudson
When Christopher Columbus made his plans to sail westward across the Atlantic, he first set off across Europe to find sponsors. His brother Bartholomew went to the court of the English King Henry VII (who turned him down,...
New Netherland, like other early American colonies, was a state-sponsored venture, the aim of which was to realize a profit. Fifteen years after Hudson’s arrival, New Netherland, the newest commercial outpost of the Dutch empire, consisted of a small group of traders living at the edge of a vast and rich wilderness. By 1645, the island was populated by some four or five hundred men of different sects and nationalities speaking eighteen different languages.
Glossary Term – Event
British explorer and navigator Henry Hudson, commissioned by the Dutch East India Company to search for a northwest passage, explored the river that would be named for him. Ascending the river to present-day Albany, Hudson and his men encountered and traded with American Indians during the voyage.
Glossary Term – Person
Henry Hudson (unknown–1611) was the English explorer who “discovered” the river that would named for him. In 1609, Hudson was chosen by the Dutch East India Company to search for a passage to Asia. In September of that year, Hudson landed on the shores of what would become the Hudson River and claimed the lands along it for the Dutch. In addition to exploring the river, Hudson was the first European to land on the island that would become New York. He also explored the Hudson Strait and entered the Hudson Bay, both of which also bear his...
Glossary Term – Place
New Netherland was the region between the South River (now the Delaware) and the North River (now the Hudson) controlled and colonized by the Dutch. Sailing for the Dutch East India Company, Henry Hudson first explored the region in 1609 while searching for a passage to Asia. New Netherland, which included New Amsterdam (the present-day island of Manhattan), was lost to the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War in 1664.
In 1609, Henry Hudson was chosen by the Dutch East India Company to search for a passage to Asia. In September of that year, Hudson landed on the shores of the river that would be named for him and claimed the lands along it for the Dutch. This nineteenth-century engraving, based on a painting by Robert W. Weir (1803–1889), an American artist of the Hudson River School, depicts the English explorer’s anchoring on the Hudson River.
In 1664, Peter Stuyvesant was forced to surrender the Dutch colony of New Netherland to England, under the “Articles, Whereupon the Citty and Fort Amsterdam and the Province of the New Netherlands Were Surrendered.”
This map, made by Nicholas Visscher and printed in 1682, depicts not only the former Dutch holdings of New Amsterdam (which had been taken over by the British), but also New England and New Jersey.