For a British professor with more than a passing interest in US foreign policy and the role of the United States in ending the Cold War, it is indeed fascinating to observe how deeply divided opinion still...
President Bush signed the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. The legislation made sweeping changes to the federal tax code by lowering income tax rates and implementing a one-time tax refund payment. A second “Bush tax cut”—the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003—reduced income and capital gains tax rates and increased deductions.
In the wake of the September 11th attacks, the Office of Homeland Security was established by President Bush’s Executive Order 13228. The agency was a counter-terrorism organization intended to “respond to terrorist threats of attacks.”
President Bush ordered an attack on Baghdad with the intent of eliminating Saddam Hussein and his government. On May 1, 2003, Bush declared the war over and “Mission Accomplished.” The conflict continued in Iraq and was followed by questions from Congress and the American public about the validity of the administration’s original reasons for the war.
Nearly a month after election day, George W. Bush was declared winner of the presidential election over Democratic nominee Al Gore with 271 electoral votes to Gore’s 267. Gore won more popular votes than Bush, but Bush had taken twenty-five key electoral votes in Florida, where a recount was set in motion. On December 4, the federal district court ruled to certify the existing count, a ruling upheld by the US Supreme Court. Florida officials ended the recount and declared Bush the winner of Florida’s electoral votes.