In an invasion planned by the United States Central Intelligence Agency and approved by the Kennedy administration, US-backed Cuban anti-Castro forces landed at the Bay of Pigs but were overcome by Castro’s troops. More than 1100 men were captured in an embarrassing defeat. The prisoners were eventually ransomed back to the US in exchange for food and medicine.
What constitutes great presidential leadership?
How did Eisenhower demonstrate great leadership through his support of the Federal-Aid Highway Act (1956) and his warning about the growth of the Military-Industrial Complex (1961)?
Transcript of National Interstate and Defense Highways Act (1956), Our...
In January 1969, America’s recently elected conservative President Richard Nixon took office, young Americans were engaged in a radical and vivacious counterculture, and a devastating war in Vietnam continued amongst a diminishing degree of popular support. While President Lyndon Johnson had largely inherited the Vietnam crisis, his Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 allowed for his complete control as the Commander in Chief over Congress. While Johnson relied on his advisors for support and success in Vietnam, his...
This lesson focuses on President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Farewell Address, given on January 17, 1961, to a national television audience. The newly elected president, John F. Kennedy, would be taking Eisenhower’s place in a few days. President Eisenhower was the first president restricted from running for a third term by the Twenty-Second Amendment to the Constitution.